Thermal and Kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect: detecting the missing baryons Venue

Yin-Zhe Ma from the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal will present the NASSP seminar with a talk entitled, "Thermal and Kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect: detecting the missing baryons". 

 Previous studies of galaxy formation have shown that only 10 per cent of the baryons are in compact objects, while 90 per cent of them are missing. Numerical simulation shows that the missing baryons are in a state of diffuse plasma with temperature 10^5 to 10^7 Kevlin, which is hard to be detected by X-ray observations. We will present two studies that coherently detect the missing baryons. 

The first is the cross-correlation between the kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich maps from Planck with the linear reconstructed velocity field. We find significance (4.6 sigma) detection of the peculiar motion of gas on Mpc scales. Further studies show that this bulk motion indicates that the concentration of gas constitutes a fraction of f_b=0.8, which indicates that all baryons are detected with the Planck kSZ maps. 

Second, we cross-correlate the thermal Sunyaev- Zeldovich from Planck maps with gravitational lensing from the Canada France Hawaii Lensing Survey (CFHTLenS) and constrain the diffuse baryon component with the various pressure profile. We find that the 1 and 2 halo terms detected at 3.96 sigma and 3.67 sigma confidence level (CL) respectively. 

The effective virial temperature of the isothermal gas is found to be in the range 7 *10^5-3*10^8K. In addition, by stacking the pairs of luminous red galaxies, we can place a constraint on the temperature of the filament in between the dark matter halos. This gives the first detection of the “missing baryons” outside galactic halos

Tuesday, September 20, 2016 - 16:15

MAM304 Mathematics Building, University Avenue, Upper Campus, UCT